Reference. The pass starts with foot placement, athletic position and proper arm alignment.
Athletic Position: If you’re right handed, your right foot should be slightly in front of your left, a little more than shoulder-width apart and bend the knees slightly so that from this position, you can easily move to the ball, wherever it may land.
Hand Placement: Your thumbs should line up side by side.
Bring your arms together straight and away from the body. Your forearms should create a “platform”.
Position and posture
Stand at the right position.
Close to the border line.
It is always easier to move forward facing the net to get a ball or dive than it is to move backwards to pass a ball forward - remember this!
Diggers should NOT stand behind the block because if you can't see the ball it can't be driven hard at you, with the only exception being deep 6.
A perimeter volleyball defense is where back-row defensive players position themselves along the perimeter of the court, with one foot on the line.
In this formation players are always ready to move into the center.
This way players know when balls are out.
and their movements are directed into the court.
Position 6: This is the hardest position to play correctly. Unless the block is not sealed this player should stay way deep and position themselves in line with the hitter's strongest hit. This will usually be in line with the angle at which to the hitter approached the ball. This player will pick up hits off the top of the block and any dinks to the corners. If there is a hole in the block position 6 must move quickly into the court about 18 feet from the hitter in the hole so you can see the ball.
Passers need to have their feet planted and weight shifted forward on their toes before the attack hit is received.
Angle themselves towards the target position (where the setter sets from).
Staying Low and Moving.
Back-row defense is played low - knees bent and butt low. Defense is never played standing up.
Hands should be out in front of your body.
Defenders should constantly be moving through the entire play, adjusting and anticipating the direction of the ball.
Be In Place: When the opposing hitter is attacking the ball, STOP! Even if you are out of position, STOP! Be low and get ready. You have a much better chance of passing the ball from a stationary position, then when you are moving. As the level of play improves, increasingly it's just about getting a good touch on the ball.
Players should be on their toes with their weight forward watching the approach of the hitter, and the hitting shoulder of the hitter.
If the hitter slowing down his hand, player should break forward and pick up any "dinks" coming over the net.
Or if there is a hard driven line shot this player will have to dig it.
serve-receive positioning and transitioning
Block the Court:
Blocking is about defending your own court; it is not about the opposing team.
Blocking is about what's behind you, not what's in front of you.
The block needs to take a piece of the court away from the attacker and in doing that directing the ball to the back-row defensive players.
Get Low: Blockers also need to be low, cocked and ready to jump, with their hands in front of their face. This is so that when the hitter attacks only one thing is needed: to jump!
Seal and Penetrate: A good block is set by the outside or opposite blocker, about 5 feet from the antenna. Yes, five feet from the antenna. The middle blocker needs to transition to close the block by feeling for the shoulder of the second blocker. Blockers need to jump together and pike over the net.
Block Straight Up: Jump straight up - even if you're not in position. The defense sets up behind the block. If you drift, the hitter is certain to tip off your hands or find the hole you've created behind you.
The player holds the ball in the hand opposite from the hitting hand, i.e. a right-handed player would hold the ball in the left hand.
Hold the ball below the waist and above the knee so that with bent knees, the server is in good position to get the ball over the net.
This serve allows the ball to float and wiggle in the air.
Put your left foot in front of your right, about shoulder width apart.
Hold the ball at about eye-level with your left hand on the bottom and your right hand on top.
The toss should only be high enough so that when you pull back your right arm, the hand contacts the ball on its downward swing.
Toss the ball with your left hand; pull back your right arm as far as possible and swing—but not all the way through.
Stop the motion of your right arm when your hand contacts the ball, as if you’re punching the ball to the other side of the net, and don’t snap your wrist.
The beginning steps for the topspin serve are just like the floater, but the toss for the topspin must be higher.
Toss the ball high enough so that the right arm can come down on the ball in a snapping motion on the underside of the ball.
Make sure you to snap your wrist on hard attacks. It's all in the wrist.
Do not stop the motion of the right arm when it contacts the ball; rather, turn your shoulder away from the ball, swing all the way through and DO snap your wrist. Snapping your wrist will deliver a hard and fast serve to your opponent. This is very similar to a tennis serve.